Port of Itaguaí
In 1973 the government of the then State of Guanabara promoted studies for the implementation of the Port of Sepetiba, with the main objective of serving the industrial complex of Santa Cruz, located in the western region of Rio de Janeiro. With the merger of the States of Guanabara and Rio de Janeiro on March 15, 1975, the port was established by companhia docas do Rio de Janeiro, which chose the municipality of Itaguaí to own the facility.
The works began in 1976, with the execution of accesses and foundations of the coal pier. In 1977, dredging of the access channel, foundation and hydraulic landfill. The inauguration of the port took place on May 7, 1982. In 2005, by Federal Law No. 11,200/2005, the Port of Sepetiba had its designation changed to The Port of Itaguaí.
The great asset of the Port of Itaguaí is that it is the last mooring to the south of Brazil before the butts of the Serra do Mar (climbing the Serra das Araras descends only at the height of Joinville, in Santa Catarina), which constitutes a significant barrier to the distribution of cargo inland, thus configuring, therefore, a stretch of the Brazilian coast whose strategy is natural and political-economic. The modern specialized terminals of the Port of Itaguaí make it one of the main ore export centers in the country. Porto also stands out for the successive increases recorded in container handling, demonstrating that it enjoys notorious conditions to assume the role of a large flow channel of the Brazilian economy and the main cargo concentrator port of MERCOSUR. The Port of Itaguaí has great aptitude for the movement of bulk and general cargo, thanks to the effects of the thriving steel park with the exceptional local conditions of integration to the modals of road and rail transport.
In their development plans are the installation of new terminals for loading, unloading and tanking of solid and liquid bulk.